To make sure you know all of your options when considering contraception, review the list below, and then give your lady doc a call.
- Sterilization: 99 percent effective, whether it’s getting your tubes tied or your guy getting a vasectomy.You can even get Essure, a tiny insert that will create scar tissue blocking your fallopian tubes.
- IUD: Also 99 percent effective, an IUD can be inserted by your gynecologist, and will provide continuous birth control for up to 3, 5, or 12 years, depending on the brand.
- Implant: 99 percent effective, the implant is a thin piece of plastic about the size of a match. A doctor inserts it under your upper-arm skin. It can protect against getting pregnant for up to 3 years.
- The Shot: 94 percent effective. Every three months, head to the doc for a quick injection to last you the next 12 weeks.
- The Pill: 91 percent effective. Take them at the same time every day. If you miss one, no worries, just take one within the same 23-hour period, and then go back on schedule the next day. Unless it’s a progesterone-only pill.
- The Ring: 91 percent effective, the NuvaRing is a flexible, plastic ring you insert into your vagina. It stays in for three weeks, when you take it out for one and then insert a new one after 7 days.
- The Patch: 91 percent effective. Like a smoking cessation patch, you tack the small square onto your arm, stomach, or rear, and change weekly.
- Plan B: 89 percent effective. Known as the morning after pill, it must be taken within 72 hours of having sex. A prescription version can be effective until up to five days later.
- Sponge: 88 percent effective. Insert before sex, and you’ll have protection for up to 24 hours.
- Diaphragm: 88 percent effective. Combine with spermicide; insert it before sex and wait at least six hours after sex to remove it.
- Fertility Awareness: 88 percent effective. Use your basal temperature and cervical mucus to predict when you’ll be ovulating, and avoid the two days before and three days after.
- Cervical Cap: 86 percent effective. After you’re fitted for a cervical cap, you can put it in up to three hours before sex.
- Male condom: 82 percent effective. Put on before sex, and make sure to avoid oil-based lube if it’s a latex condom.
- Female Condoms: 79 percent effective. Put it in before sex, and because they’re latex-free, you won’t have an allergic reaction.
- Withdrawal: 78 percent effective. It’s harder done than said, and there’s no guarantee any of the sperm that escaped pre-orgasm won’t make it there.
- Spermicide: 72 percent effective. It kills sperm, but is best used with other methods.
This list can seem long and confusing, so if you have any questions give us a call at 717-840-9885 or click the button below to schedule an appointment.